Vitiligo is a chronic skin disorder that is characterized by the appearance of white spots on the body. The development is due to a lack of melanocytes. These cells produce melanin, which is responsible for the coloration of the skin. The exact cause of the emergence of Vitiligo is not known yet. However, it is suspected that genes are responsible for this. Vitiligo is not contagious and causes no other diseases. Psychological complications can occur as the visible spots on the skin may affect the patient’s social life. It is interesting that Vitiligo can manifest at any age: it can begin in the child but also in adulthood. It often occurs after a psychological shock (divorce, death,…) or other diseases (gastroenteritis).
A theory often highlighted in the medical society is the idea that Vitiligo is an autoimmune disorder. In this case there would be Vitiligo occurs easier attack of antibodies against the body’s Melanozyten.Scheinbar in those people who are weakened by other autoimmune diseases such as thyroid problems, pernicious anemia, lupus, or adrenal insufficiency. Certain external factors can also have an influence on this disease: in particular stress or exposure to industrial chemicals.
The stress can trigger the appearance of white spots on the skin. Therefore, a good managing stress in the prevention and in the treatment of Vitiligo is fundamental.
The spots occur mainly in the armpits, on the back of the hand in the face (around the mouth, eyes or nose), on the back of the feet, the knees, the elbows, the finger joints or on the genitals. The size of the spots varies from person to person. Typically, smaller stains that can blend over, and thus to cover a larger area of the body.
Vitiligo may also occur in regions, the lesions: especially in the regions with large friction such as the knees, shoulders or elbows.